The Eurasian group on combating money laundering and financing of terrorism (EAG) was established on October 6, 2004 under the initiative of the Russian Federation supported by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), International Monetary Fund, World Bank, Belarus, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
In 2011 the Agreement about EAG was signed and in 2012 it was ratified. The Agreement establishes the status of the Eurasian group as an intergovernmental organization based on the principles of equal participation of member-states in its activity. The members of the agreement are Belarus, India, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
Specialized state structures (financial intelligence units, FIU) that are served to combat money laundering and financing of terrorism have been established in many countries.
Institutionalization of FIU, which was considered as a very limited phenomenon in the beginning, could be characterized as an active cooperation in terms of international professional association Egmont Group as early as 1995. The group got its name on the place of the first meeting in the Egmont Arenberg Palace in Brussels (Belgium).
Council of Heads of the Financial Intelligence Units of member-countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CHFIU CIS)
On December 5, 2012 the heads of Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Ukraine have signed the agreement on creation of the Council of Heads of the Financial Intelligence Units of the CIS. The meeting of the CIS Council of Heads took place in Ashgabat (Turkmenistan). CHFIU CIS is the body of sectoral cooperation of the CIS.
The initiative to create a special body, consisting of the heads of the Financial Intelligence Units of the CIS in order to strengthen cooperation in AML/CFT was supported by the Eurasian group on combating money laundering and financing of terrorism.
The main function CHFIU CIS - to ensure cooperation of the Financial Intelligence Units in the post-Soviet space, development of the standards and practices, organization of training and advanced training of people from the member-countries as well implementation of the international standards in this sphere.